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Panama Christmas Traditions: Christmas Traditions in Panama You Should Experience

Panama Christmas Traditions: Christmas Traditions in Panama You Should Experience

Looking to experience Panama Christmas traditions this year?

Panama serves as a cultural bridge between North and South America. With its rich tapestry of history, melded cultures, and diverse landscapes, it’s no wonder that its Christmas celebrations are an eclectic mix of the old and the new.

As December winds down, cities light up, families gather, and the spirit of ‘Navidad’ envelopes the nation. In Panama, Christmas isn’t just a day; it’s a culmination of weeks of preparation and festivities, infused with local flavors and traditions.

While the essence of Christmas — the birth of Jesus Christ — remains central, how Panamanians celebrate this joyous occasion brings a unique vibrancy and warmth. Dive in, and let’s uncover the heart and soul of Christmas in Panama.

Panama, like many Latin American countries, has its own unique set of customs and traditions to celebrate the festive season. Let’s explore some of the most cherished Christmas traditions in Panama:

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Where to Stay: Hotels for Every Budget in Panama During Christmas (Panama Christmas Traditions)

Christmas in Panama is a vibrant and festive time, drawing visitors from all corners of the world. Finding the right accommodation is crucial to fully immerse oneself in the Panamanian Christmas spirit. Whether you’re on a tight budget or looking for a luxurious experience, Panama offers a range of hotels to suit every traveler’s needs. Here’s a breakdown:

Budget Accommodations

  1. Luna’s Castle Hostel, Panama City
    • Description: Nestled in the historic Casco Viejo district, this backpacker-friendly hostel offers both dormitory-style rooms and private suites. The colonial architecture and the laid-back ambiance make it a popular choice among young travelers.
    • Highlight: Enjoy free breakfast and the beautiful view of Panama City’s skyline from the hostel’s balcony.
  2. Bambuda Lodge, Bocas del Toro:
    • Description: Situated on the water, this eco-friendly hostel provides a mix of dormitories and private cabins. The on-site bar, pool, and slide into the ocean are major attractions.
    • Highlight: Join the organized tours to nearby beaches and snorkeling spots.


Mid-Range Accommodations

  1. Tántalo Hotel, Panama City:
    • Description: This boutique hotel in Casco Viejo is known for its artsy interiors, comfortable rooms, and a rooftop bar that offers panoramic views of the city.
    • Highlight: Enjoy live music and a buzzing atmosphere at the rooftop bar during Christmas celebrations.
  2. Isla Palenque Resort, Gulf of Chiriquí:
    • Description: A secluded beachfront resort that provides a perfect blend of luxury and nature. With just eight beachfront casitas, it promises an intimate experience.
    • Highlight: Explore the private island’s hiking trails or indulge in a spa treatment amidst nature.


Luxury Accommodations

  1. The Santa Maria, A Luxury Collection Hotel & Golf Resort, Panama City:
    • Description: This opulent hotel offers top-notch amenities, including a world-class golf course, spa, and gourmet restaurants. Its rooms are spacious and elegantly designed.
    • Highlight: Play a round of golf and later unwind at the spa for a rejuvenating experience.
  2. The Waldorf Astoria, Panama City:
    • Description: A symbol of luxury, this hotel boasts modern rooms, a rooftop pool, and multiple dining options, from casual eateries to upscale restaurants.
    • Highlight: Dive into the rooftop pool and savor the mesmerizing views of Panama City’s skyline.


When planning a stay in Panama during Christmas, it’s advisable to book your accommodation well in advance, as hotels often fill up quickly during the festive season. No matter where you choose to stay, the warm Panamanian hospitality is sure to make your Christmas memorable.

1. La Parranda – Panama Christmas Traditions

La Parranda is akin to caroling, where groups of friends and family come together to sing traditional Christmas songs. They move from house to house, spreading cheer with music, often accompanied by musical instruments such as drums and maracas.

  • Significance: This festive tradition is a testament to Panama’s love for music and community. It’s a way for people to come together, share joy, and keep age-old songs and customs alive.

Think of it as Panama’s version of Christmas caroling but with more rhythm! Groups, often comprising families and neighbors, form impromptu bands, with guitars, maracas, and even accordions in tow. As they move from door to door, it’s not just about the song; it’s about the camaraderie, the laughter, and the shared joy of the season.

2. The Burning of the Muñeco

On New Year’s Eve, Panamanians have a tradition of making life-sized effigies or “muñecos” of famous people, political figures, or other notable personalities from the past year. As the clock strikes midnight, these effigies are set alight.

  • Significance: This act symbolizes saying goodbye to the old year and welcoming the new one. Burning the muñeco purges bad memories and allows one to start afresh.

New Year’s Eve sees effigies, crafted with care and humor, of celebrities, politicians, and even fictional characters. As these are set aflame at midnight, it’s not just a goodbye to the old year. It’s a cathartic release, a way for Panamanians to let go of the past and embrace the promise of a new year.

3. Misa del Gallo (Rooster’s Mass)

Just like in many Catholic countries, Panamanians attend the Misa del Gallo, a midnight mass on Christmas Eve. The churches and cathedrals are beautifully adorned with lights and decorations, adding to the festive spirit.

  • Significance: This mass is a deeply spiritual event, emphasizing the religious significance of Christmas and the birth of Jesus.

The midnight mass isn’t just a religious ceremony. It’s an event, a spectacle, a testament to Panama’s devout spirit. Churches, adorned with lights, echo with hymns sung by the heart, making it a truly ethereal experience.

4. Las Posadas – Panama Christmas Traditions

Starting nine days before Christmas, Panamanians take part in Las Posadas, reenacting Mary and Joseph’s journey to Bethlehem and their search for a place to stay. Participants move from home to home, seeking shelter, until they are finally offered a place, symbolizing the manger where Jesus was born.

  • Significance: Las Posadas helps retell the biblical story of Jesus’ birth and reinforces the spirit of community and togetherness during the holiday season.

This nine-day event is more than a reenactment; it’s a journey. Each refusal of shelter builds anticipation, and when the doors finally open, it’s a celebration, often marked with fireworks, music, and food.

Christmas Food in Panama

Christmas in Panama is not only a time of joyous celebration and deep-rooted traditions but also a feast for the palate. The festive season sees families coming together to enjoy a spread of delicious dishes, many of which are exclusive to this time of the year. Here’s a delectable guide to some of the most cherished Christmas foods in Panama:

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Tamales – Panama Christmas Traditions

tamales, Panama Christmas Traditions, Christmas Food in Panama, Panamanian Tamales

Tamales are a staple in Panamanian Christmas dinners. Made from corn dough (masa) filled with a mix of chicken, pork, olives, and capers, they are wrapped in plantain leaves and steamed to perfection.

Serving Tip: They’re usually served hot, straight out of the plantain leaf, often accompanied by a spicy salsa or a slice of bread.

Arroz con Pollo (Chicken with Rice)

This flavorful dish combines rice, chicken, vegetables, and a blend of spices. It’s often colored yellow using annatto seeds and stands out on the Christmas table.

Serving Tip: Garnish with red bell peppers and peas for added color. Best enjoyed with a side of potato salad.

Rellenos (Stuffed Panamanian Turkey)

Unlike the traditional roasted turkey, the Panamanian version is marinated in a special blend of spices, stuffed with ground meat, capers, olives, and bread, and then baked.

Serving Tip: Slice and serve with its accompanying sauce and roasted vegetables.

Ham Bread (Pan de Jamón) – Christmas Traditions in Panama

Originating from Venezuela but widely adopted in Panama, this savory bread roll is filled with slices of ham, raisins, olives, and occasionally cheese.

Serving Tip: Slice and serve warm. It pairs perfectly with a hot beverage.

Ron Ponche:

Panama’s answer to eggnog, Ron Ponche is a creamy alcoholic drink made with rum, milk, sugar, vanilla, and a mix of spices like cinnamon and nutmeg.

Serving Tip: Serve chilled, in small glasses, with a sprinkle of grated nutmeg on top.

Bollo de Bacalao (Cod Fish Cake)

These are savory cakes made from a mixture of codfish, cornmeal, and spices. Wrapped in banana leaves and then boiled, they make for a delightful treat.

Serving Tip: Serve hot with a slice of lime or a spicy sauce on the side.

These are just a few of the mouthwatering dishes that grace the Panamanian Christmas table. Each dish tells a story of Panama’s rich cultural heritage and the country’s love for good food. If you find yourself in Panama during the festive season, don’t miss the chance to indulge in these culinary delights!

Best Cities to Visit Panama for Panama Christmas Traditions

When considering where to celebrate Christmas in Panama, various locations offer distinctive experiences. While Panama City is the obvious choice for many, there are other lesser-known places that are equally enchanting during the festive season. Here’s a rundown of the best cities and locations in Panama for Christmas:

Panama City – Panama Christmas Traditions

Panama Christmas Traditions: Christmas Traditions in Panama You Should Experience
  • Overview: As the capital, Panama City hosts the grandest Christmas celebrations. The modern metropolis merges seamlessly with historical zones, creating a unique festive ambiance.
  • Highlights:
    • Festive light displays, especially along the Cinta Costera.
    • Parades and live performances in various parts of the city.
    • Special midnight masses in historical churches.
    • Vibrant holiday markets and shopping festivals.


Panama Christmas Traditions: Christmas Traditions in Panama You Should Experience
  • Overview: Nestled in the highlands of Chiriquí, Boquete is renowned for its pleasant climate and natural beauty. During Christmas, the town exudes a cozy festive spirit.
  • Highlights:
    • Local Christmas festivals showcasing the town’s traditions.
    • Spectacular light displays throughout the main square.
    • Artisanal Christmas markets selling handmade crafts and local produce.

Bocas del Toro

Panama Christmas Traditions: Christmas Traditions in Panama You Should Experience
  • Overview: If a tropical Christmas is what you’re after, Bocas del Toro is the place. Comprising a main island and several smaller ones, it offers beachside festivities with a Caribbean twist.
  • Highlights:
    • Beach parties with Christmas-themed events.
    • Boat parades with vessels decked in festive lights.
    • Special Christmas menus in beachfront restaurants featuring seafood feasts.


Panama Christmas Traditions: Christmas Traditions in Panama You Should Experience
  • Overview: Located on the Azuero Peninsula, Pedasí is a quaint town known for its cultural traditions, making it an ideal spot for a traditional Panamanian Christmas.
  • Highlights:
    • Town squares lit up with colorful lights.
    • Traditional music and dance performances celebrating the festive season.
    • Local bakeries selling traditional Panamanian Christmas treats.

El Valle de Antón:

  • Overview: Situated in the crater of a dormant volcano, El Valle de Antón provides a cool and serene backdrop for a peaceful Christmas celebration.
  • Highlights:
    • Nature hikes with special Christmas-themed trails.
    • Local markets selling festive crafts and souvenirs.
    • Community events showcasing the town’s unique traditions.

Each of these locations in Panama offers a unique flavor of Christmas, ensuring that visitors get a mix of tradition, festivity, and natural beauty. Whether you’re looking for a bustling city celebration, a beachside Christmas party, or a serene mountain festivity, Panama has it all.

Budget When Traveling in Panama During Christmas:

Traveling to Panama during the Christmas season offers a unique experience, but it’s essential to budget wisely. Being a peak tourist season, accommodation and travel fares might see a surge. On average:

  • Accommodation: Expect to pay 20-30% more than usual, with prices ranging from $50 for budget hotels to $200+ for luxury resorts.
  • Food: Traditional Christmas meals in local eateries might cost around $10-$20, while upscale restaurants might charge upwards of $50.
  • Local Transportation: Utilizing public transport like buses or “diablos rojos” is cost-effective, with fares typically below $2. Taxis or ride-sharing apps might charge $5-$20, depending on the distance.
  • Entertainment & Activities: Entry fees for attractions, events, or performances might range from $5-$50.

A moderate daily budget for a traveler in Panama during Christmas would be around $100-$150, but this can vary based on personal preferences and activities planned.

FAQs on Panama Christmas Traditions

  1. What do Panamanians wear during Christmas celebrations? Panamanians often wear traditional clothing, such as the “pollera” for women and “montuno” for men, during festive celebrations.
  2. How is New Year’s celebrated in Panama? In addition to burning the muñeco, Panamanians celebrate with fireworks, parties, and traditional foods, welcoming the new year with gusto.
  3. Are there any regional differences in how Christmas is celebrated in Panama? While the essence of the celebration remains consistent, regional variations might exist in food and local customs, especially between urban and rural areas.
  4. How do Panamanians decorate their homes during Christmas? While many homes boast traditional decorations like nativity scenes and lights, some also incorporate Panamanian crafts and ornaments, creating a blend of the global and local.
  5. Are there special events or parades during Christmas in Panama City? Yes, Panama City often hosts parades, live performances, and festive markets, turning the capital into a Christmas wonderland.
  6. What’s a must-try Panamanian Christmas delicacy? While there are many, “ron pon,” a creamy drink made with rum, eggs, vanilla, and nutmeg, is a festive favorite.

Our Final Thoughts on Panama Christmas Traditions

Experiencing Christmas in Panama is akin to reading a rich tapestry of history, culture, and passion. Whether you’re being serenaded by La Parranda singers, basking in the ethereal glow of Misa del Gallo, or savoring a bite of tamale, you’re not just witnessing a festival. You’re living a Panamanian legacy.

Christmas in Panama is a blend of fervent religious observance and exuberant celebrations. Whether attending midnight mass, singing along during La Parranda, or savoring a festive meal, the spirit of togetherness and joy is ever-present in Panamanian festivities.

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